A group of plant cells with visible Chloroplasts.

Plant cells are cells that make up any organism that acts as a producer. Plant cells, like animal cells, are eukaryotic. They have a nucleus and membrane-bound organelles. Also like animal cells, they perform cellular respiration. However, they also perform another proccess called photosynthesis. This creates energy for the plant by capturing sunlight and using its energy combined with water and carbon dioxide to create glucose.


A diagram of a plant cell.


Plant cells have a similar structure to animal cells. However, unlike animal cells, plant cells have a cell wall, plastids, have a definite shape, and have one large central vacuole instead of many smaller ones. The cell wall is a large and solid organelle that gives the cell its specific shape. The plastids are the chloroplasts and the chromoplasts. The chloroplasts capture sunlight for photosynthesis, while the chromoplasts contain red, orange, and yellow pigments which give leaves their orange color during autumn.


In order to get energy, plant cells go through a process called photosynthesis. This involves sunlight energy being captured by a substance in the chloroplasts called chlorophyll. This energy is use to create ATP and to split water molecules gathered from the soil into hydrogen ions. tthe oxygen is released as a waste product. Carbon dioxide is taken from the air and combined with the hydrogen ions to create glucose. The glucose is used to feed the plant and keep it functioning.