Animal (cheek) Cell Real

A group of animal cells.

Cells that make up consumer organisms are called Animal Cells. Animal cells, like plant cells, are eukaryotic. This means that they are larger than prokaryotic cells, or cells of bacteria. This also means that they have a nucleus, an organelle that controls the functions inside the cell. Animal cells also have membrane-bound organelles.


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A diagram of a plant cell.

Animal cells share similar traits to other eukaryotic cells. They contain many organelles that all work together to power the cells and produce more cells to replace dead ones. They have many very small pieces of organic matter floating around the cytoplasm called vesicles. These organelles act as mobile storage units and will store energy for later use. They will also transport ribosomes from ttthe nucleus to other organelles called the endoplasmic reticulum. The ribosomes move through the endoplasmic reticulum and get back on board some more vesicles for transport to the another organelle called the Golgi Body. The Golgi Body will then distribute them across the cell to where they are needed. 


When the Golgi Body also releases special vesicles called lysosomes. Lysosomes contain digestive enzymes that help to break down macromolecules in the cytoplasm. The breaking down of these macromolecules releases energy that the cell can harvest and use in its functions. Lysosomes also work to break down defective, or useless, organelles. For example when a tadpole grows into a frog, its lysosomes break down the cells in its tail since it is no longer needed. Lysosomes also work to eliminate harmful bacteria that is present in the cell.

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